圣诞米糊

挪威在圣诞节期间还有这样一款特色食品——Julegrøt,我试译为圣诞米糊。简单的说,就是用牛奶煮的大米糊,吃的时候还会加入盐、肉桂粉、黄油,还可以加入黑加仑果汁。

前几天午饭的时候,同事们之间讨论了一下,除了挪威,斯堪的纳维亚半岛几国以及芬兰都有这种米糊,德国同事也确认他们那里也有。这一款食品给我的印象是类似于甜品,也可以作为主食,尤其是小孩子的主食。

对于我,以及我的妹妹,都会觉得这样一款食品,充满了童年的回忆。大约在我10岁以前的一段时间,父母双职工都外出工作的时候,会把我和妹妹锁在家里。我们哪里也不能去,就只能在家里翻箱倒柜,大米粥在家里是很常见的,怎么才能吃出特色呢,加奶粉,或者麦乳精,然后就会和现在的Julegrøt基本相同的味道。

这里有一个简单的配方,来自于ming – Grøt Ris,我觉得普通大米也可以,但最好别是南亚的那种做熟了还是一粒粒的米。

原料:

  • 2人份:150毫升米+0.9升牛奶
  • 4人份:300毫升米+1.8升牛奶

方法:

  1. 把牛奶和米一起放到锅里煮,记住一直保持搅拌
  2. 牛奶开了以后继续煮20分钟,保持搅拌
  3. 加点盐就可以上了。还可以加肉桂粉、黄油,以及黑加仑果汁
  4. 如果太稠,可以家一些牛奶稀释

另外还有一个复杂一些的配方,来自于Tine – Barnas beste julegrøt。

Upgrade Huawei Ascend P7-L10 to EMUI 3.1(Android 5.1.1)

Finally 40 days after Huawai announced the EMUI 3.1 images for P7 in China on Oct 17, I found the official EMUI 3.1 image for P7-L10 in Huawei Germany Support(search “Smartphones” and “P7-L10”, and check the item “HUAWEI Sophia-L10 Firmware(Android5.1.1, EMUI3.1, C900B839, Europe)”.

Based on the official doc in the EMUI 3.1 image file, HUAWEI P7-L10C900B839 SD card Software Upgrade Guideline(For Service).doc:

If your phone is not in the scope, please check my previous article to get P7-L10V100R001C00B621(EMUI 3.0/Android 4.4.2) installed at first.

Downloaded it, uncompressed it, copied it to a MicroSD/TF card(better 4G or larger). After backup the data on the phone, use Settings->System Update->Local Update, the mobile will restart and use the image from MicroSD/TF card.

And it’s better to do a wipe after the upgrade. How to wipe:

  • Shutdown the mobile
  • Press “Volume Up” and “Power” at same time, in this mode, you can use “Volume Up” and “Volume Down” as “Up” and “Down”, “Power” as click.
  • You will get a menu with three buttons, “Reboot Sytem”, “Wipe Data/Factory Reset” and “Wipe cache partition”.
  • Choose “Wipe Data/Factory Reset” and click it
  • Choose “Wipe cache partition” and click it
  • Choose “Reboot Sytem” and click it

Then it should be EMUI 3.1(Android 5.1.1) now. Good luck!

Note:

  • Version Number: P7-L10C900B839
  • Custom Version: CUSTC432D001

TV services suggestion

关于非挪威教会成员自己的宗教节日

关于非挪威教会成员自己的宗教节日

如果不是Church of Norway(Den norske kirke)成员的话,可以享有两天相关宗教节日的休假,但是需要提前14天通知雇主,并且需要在其它时间工作补回所缺的工时。

相关法律如下:

  • Lov om arbeidsmiljø, arbeidstid og stillingsvern mv. (arbeidsmiljøloven) (挪威文)

    § 12-15.Religiøse høytider

    Rett til permisjon ved religiøse høytider for arbeidstaker som ikke tilhører Den norske kirke, reguleres av lov 13. juni 1969 nr. 25 om trudomssamfunn og ymist anna § 27 a.

  • Act relating to working environment, working hours and employment protection, etc. (Working Environment Act) (英文)

    Section 12-15. Religious holidays

    The right to leave in connection with religious holidays for employees who do not belong to the Church of Norway is regulated by section 27 a of the Act of 13 June 1969 No. 25 relating to religious communities, etc.

  • Lov om trudomssamfunn og ymist anna (挪威文)

    Kap. II a. Rett til fri ved religiøse høgtider.

    § 27 a.Den som ikkje høyrer til Den norske kyrkja har rett til fri frå arbeid, skulegang, tenesteplikt og liknande i opp til to dagar kvart år i samband med religiøse høgtider etter vedkomande sin religion.
    Arbeidsgjevar har rett til å krevja at desse fridagane vert arbeidd inn att av arbeidstakar. Etter førehandstingingar med arbeidstakaren fastset arbeidsgjevaren når innarbeidinga skal skje.
    Arbeidstakar som ynskjer å nytte denne retten til fridagar, skal gje arbeidsgjevaren varsel seinast 14 dagar på førehand.
    Dersom vedkomande religion høgtidar meir enn to religiøse høgtidsdagar kvart år, og desse fell utanom dei fridagane som elles gjeld her i riket, kan vedkomande sjølv velje dei to fridagane han har rett til, som religiøse høgtidsdagar.
    Innarbeiding av fri som er gitt i medhald av paragrafen her, vert ikkje rekna som overtid jamvel om arbeidstida overstig dei timetal som er fastsett i arbeidsmiljøloven §§ 10-4 og 10-5.

  • Act relating to religious communities, etc. (英文)

    Chapter II. The right to leave to celebrate a religious holiday

    Section 27 a. Any person who does not belong to the Church of Norway has the right to leave from work, school, official duties and the like for up to two days every year in connection with holidays observed in accordance with his or her religion.

    The employer has the right to require that these days off be compensated for by the employee working an equivalent number of hours on other days. The days on which these hours are to be worked shall be agreed in advance between the employer and the employee.

    An employee who wishes to avail himself of this right to leave shall give the employer a minimum of 14 days notice.

    If the religion concerned has more than two religious holidays a year, and if these occur outside the holidays that otherwise apply in the realm, the person concerned may choose which two days of leave he will take as religious holidays.

    The hours worked in compensation of days off pursuant to the provisions of this section shall not be counted as overtime even if the working hours exceed the number set out in sections 46 and 47 of Act of 4 February 1977 No. 4 relating to worker protection and the working environment.

Upgrade Huawei Ascend P7-L10 to EMUI 3.0(Android 4.4.2)

Yes, I am still using it as the second mobile. The software is Android 4.4.2 + EMUI 2.3 when I bought it. And I am in Norway, didn’t get any OTA update for it.

Recently I joined a QQ group of P7 sub-forum on Huawei Fans Club. One friend there told me there is an EMUI 3.0 image available on Huawei Germany Support(search “Smartphones” and “P7-L10”, and check the item “Sophia-L10_V100R001C00B621C432D001_Firmware_Germany_Channel_Android 4.4_EMUI 3.0_05012HCE”).

I downloaded it, uncompressed it, copied it to a MicroSD/TF card(better 4G or larger). After backup the data on the phone, use Settings->System Update->Local Update, the mobile will restart and use the image from MicroSD/TF card.

And it’s better to do a wipe after the upgrade. How to wipe:

  • Shutdown the mobile
  • Press “Volume Up” and “Power” at same time, in this mode, you can use “Volume Up” and “Volume Down” as “Up” and “Down”, “Power” as click.
  • You will get a menu with three buttons, “Reboot Sytem”, “Wipe Data/Factory Reset” and “Wipe cache partition”.
  • Choose “Wipe Data/Factory Reset” and click it
  • Choose “Wipe cache partition” and click it
  • Choose “Reboot Sytem” and click it

Then it should be EMUI 3.0(Android 4.4.2) now. Good luck!

Note:

  • Version Number: P7-L10V100R001C00B621
  • Custom Version: CUSTC432D001

BTW, they started to do a public test of EMUI 3.1(Android 5) for those P7 models in China.

Reference:

No easy vacation for pupils in Norway

My daughter just went to school a few weeks ago. We started to think about the vacation days around Christmas and New Year. When my daugter was in kindergarten, normally we can choose her vacation days as we want. But now, the thing is different.

After talk with the teacher, she said that she only can approve the day-off upto 1 day. And we should submit the application to kommune(the government, and the public schools are parts of it) if more than 1 day. And the application, which is related with vacation/holiday, will not be approved…

We live in Ullensaker, let me start from their webpages. In Ullensaker Kommune: Permisjon fra opplæringen, it mentions the the Education Act(Opplæringsloven) §2-11. (Lov om grunnskolen og den vidaregåande opplæringa (opplæringslova)(Norwegian) and Act of 17 July 1998 no. 61 relating to Primary and Secondary Education and Training (the Education Act)(English)).

  • Opplæringsloven(Norwegian)

§ 2-11. Permisjon frå den pliktige opplæringa
Når det er forsvarleg, kan kommunen etter søknad gi den enkelte eleven permisjon i inntil to veker.
Elevar som høyrer til eit trussamfunn utanfor Den norske kyrkja, har etter søknad rett til å vere borte frå skolen dei dagane trussamfunnet deira har helgedag. Det er eit vilkår for retten at foreldra sørgjer for nødvendig undervisning i permisjonstida, slik at eleven kan følgje med i den allmenne undervisninga etter at permisjonstida er ute.

  • Section 2-11. Leave of absence from compulsory education(English)

When defensible, the municipality may upon receipt of an application grant individual
pupils leave of absence for up to two weeks.
Pupils who belong to a religious community outside the Church of Norway have, upon
application, the right to be absent from school on those days their religious community
celebrates as holy. This right is conditional upon the parents ensuring necessary tuition
during the period of leave, so that the pupil is able to keep pace with the ordinary teaching
when the period of leave is at an end.

And the regulation from Ullensaker kommune:

Regler for elevpermisjon utover en dag i Ullensakerskolen:

Søknader om permisjon fra rett og plikt til opplæring i grunnskolen for å reise på ferie, innvilges
ikke.

Det kan søkes om permisjon fra rett og plikt til opplæringen på andre grunnlag enn ferie. Dette
inkluderer:

  • Permisjon til familiebegivenheter av særlig sorgpreget karakter, for eksempel dødsfall
    eller begravelse
  • Permisjon når eleven er tatt ut til å delta ved idrettslig eller kulturell konkurranse/stevne
    på nasjonalt eller internasjonalt nivå. Det skal normalt ikke gis permisjon til
    treningssamlinger eller lignende.

Regler for elevpermisjon på inntil en dag i Ullensakerskolen:

  • Det skal ikke innvilges permisjon til ferie
  • Det skal normalt ikke gis permisjon til elever med udokumentert fravær fra opplæringen.
  • Det kan, etter en individuell skjønnsmessig vurdering, innvilges permisjon til deltakelse i
    spesielle arrangementer og markeringer, som f.eks:
    • Familiebegivenheter
    • Idrettslig eller kulturell konkurranse/stevne etter dokumentasjon
    • Organisasjonsarbeid og politisk arbeid etter dokumentasjon
    • Tradisjonsrike arrangementer i Ullensakerskolen etter dokumentasjon

The regulation from Bærum Kommune is similar.

Other information:

恢复中

原服务提供商BlueVM自7月16日以来服务中断,并且数据丢失。目前迁移到Linnode,使用的是2014年1月的备份。

其余内容仍在恢复中…

注:9月6日,博客文章都已经恢复(在RSS Reader的帮助下),部分图片以及这一阶段的留言已经丢失。